Approximately one in five individuals suffers from a dry mouth condition that can makes it difficult to talk or chew food. You might wonder what causes xerostomia , and medical experts know that this problem occurs for several reasons. Here are the primary reasons for having a mouth that is dry.
Reason 1: Snoring or Breathing Abnormalities
If you snore while sleeping or have a daytime breathing abnormality, then you can have a dry mouth. You may notice the xerostomia issue when you wake up, or perhaps, you are breathing through your mouth because you have a stuffy nose. Fortunately, there are ways to overcome breathing problems with the use of decongestants or using a CPAP machine while you are sleeping.
Reason 2: Yeast Infections Inside the Mouth
When your tongue or the palate of your mouth has a fluffy white coating, you may have a thrush infection. This condition can occur for a variety of reasons, including contamination from dirty eating utensils or glassware. If you have an autoimmune disorder, then you are more likely to develop a yeast infection inside the mouth. A physician can prescribe oral medications or mouth rinses to eliminate the yeast infection.
Reason 3: Diabetes Mellitus
If you have diabetes mellitus, then you may develop a xerostomia problem. This issue is one of the side effects from having diabetes mellitus, but it doesn’t happen to everyone with the condition. When you aren’t monitoring your blood sugar levels properly, you are more likely to have a mouth that is too dry, and also, certain types of medications for diabetes mellitus can cause xerostomia.
Reason 4: Smoking or Vaping
Vaping or smoking can change the way that your oral tissues and saliva glands react, so if you have a dry tongue, palate or inner cheeks, then this is one more reason to stop the bad habits. The nicotine in cigarettes can reduce the flow of saliva inside your mouth, and the chemicals in vaping liquids can cause the same problem.
Reason 5: Dementia Conditions
A senior citizen with xerostomia may have a dementia condition, including Parkinson’s disease. Dementia conditions affect the brain’s signals, making it difficult for a senior citizen to notice when she is thirsty. By maintaining a daily hydration schedule, it is possible to reduce the feeling of dry soft oral tissues inside the mouth.
Reason 6: Anxiety or Stress
If you have had a stressful day, then you can have mouth that seems dry. When you are anxious, your body produces cortisol that can increase perspiration, making you feel dehydrated. This type of dry mouth problem is easy to overcome by drinking more water along with reducing your anxiety.
Visiting a Physician
When you can’t overcome a dry mouth problem, you should visit a physician for the medical issue. A physician can examine your mouth, collect blood samples and conduct other tests to help you. With the right treatment, you can overcome most types of dry mouth problems.